December 28, 2021 Where did the past month go? After a long sprint of reassembling the main cryostat, installing the dilution refrigerator, building up the AuxPTC, and clearing the way in the LMT's receiver cabin, TolTEC was installed and primed for its first cool down when the last of us left the site on December 18th. Given that the telescope will be left vacant until early in the new year, we're going to let TolTEC sit idle until January 3rd, when we'll turn the refrigerators on and let it start cooling.

All in all, 2021 was a great year for our project. We solved a vexing optical problem, did our final tests of the instrument hardware at UMass, and pack and then unpacked and installed the full system at the LMT. Several of our team members really stepped up and shone throughout this process. We're lucky to have them.

Happy New Year to everyone. We can't wait to see what new science 2022 brings!

November 28, 2021 It was TolTEC shirt day at the telescope today and so we took a moment to pose for this muscle shot. (Clearly, this is not a team that should be messed with). From left to right: Steve Kuczarski, Grant Wilson, Emily Lunde, Nat DeNigris, Emmaly Aguilar, Itziar Aretxaga, and Scott McElhinney. Kudos to Sophia Wilson and Emily Martsen who collaborated on the design and implementation of the mural in the background.

November 21, 2021 Equipment continues to be delivered to the site and we are splitting our time between unpacking, checking out the hardware (it is a very rough ride up the mountain!), and starting to reassemble the camera. We've got a great crew and that's especially important since we have to be extremely carefull working at 15,000 feet altitude where, well, you don't think nearly as well as you do at sea level. Delicate work is very challenging - so we give it to Nat. All in all, the days are shortish in terms of the number of hours at the site but still we get back to the hotel completely exhausted.

November 19, 2021 The first wave of the installation team arrived at the telescope today.. The crates are just behind us with the first few scheduled to show up tomorrow. Despite that, we had plenty to do as we got acclimated, started setting up our work areas, and took a long tour of the telescope. It was a great feeling to be back.

November 5, 2021 Another step forward. Yesterday UPS delivered the 20 TolTEC crates to INAOE. We have heard that the INAOE Administration is taking steps to have the mountain access road graded and is planning to have the TolTEC equipment delivered to the telescope by November 15. As you can imagine, a bunch of instrument team members are now scrambling to get ready to join the equipment that same week. As one of our colleagues at INAOE said, TolTEC is oe step closer to the top of Sierra Negra.

November 2, 2021 Happy Dia de Muertos everyone. Today's holiday brings the great news that the TolTEC equipment has cleared customs at Mexico City Airport. Soon the equipment will be delivered to INAOE as a last stop before heading up to the telescope to meet the installation team.

October 15, 2021 At long last, UPS is on its way to pick up the TolTEC shipment from UMass on Tuesday, October 18th and bring it to INAOE. During the adminsitrative delay our colleagues at Northwestern University finished up their work on the half-wave plate rotator, a critical piece of hardware for making high sensitivity polarimetry maps, and we've added that equipment to the shipment to make it an even 20 crates of goods. Once the equipment reaches INAOE, our colleagues there will arrange for a special, air-bearing equipped, LMT truck to ferry the packages up to the telescope. An installation team will then head to the site to start the long (3 week?) process of reassembling the radiometer. It's going to be an exciting November if all goes well.

August 23, 2021 When are we going to install TolTEC at the LMT? ... is a commonly asked question around UMass. Well, the instrument is all packed up and awaiting the last of the paperwork to be filled out by our colleagues in Mexico so that it can be shipped. Once it arrives at the telescope, the timeline will be determined by our need to ensure the safety of the team that will be doing the installation. Our biggest concern at the moment continues to be the pandemic, which as everyone knows is extremely difficult to predict. (I watch the New York Times tracking page regularly and continue to hope for the best for everyone affected.) We all feel enormous pressure and incentive in pushing the schedule along, but we must keep safety as our first priority. So all I can say at the moment is ... stay tuned.

August 16, 2021 Here's a quick shout-out to three amazing undergraduates who did summer internships in the lab at UMass in 2021. Shown below from left to right are Caleigh Ryan (UMass class of 2022), Jack Slater (William and Mary class of 2022), Nat DeNigris (not an intern) and Emily Martsen (UMass class of 2022).

Over this past summer, Caleigh, Jack and Emily worked tirelessly on both TolTEC hardware and science projects. We had lectures on observation planning, cryogenics, detectors, detector readouts, galaxy cluster physics, interstellar dust ... and the proper way to drive a wood screw into a crate. It was an eclective and intensive experience. All three of these young scientists took on every day's activities with aplomb and an eagerness to learn. What a pleasure it was to work with them. This extends our amazing run of luck at attracting great people to our project. Caleigh and Emily will continue working on TolTEC science through their UMass Honors College Senior Thesis Projects. Jack has returned to William and Mary but plans to do what he can remotely as he completes his degree in engineering physics.

August 13, 2021 Hey, remember back in May when I wrote that we would update the News section of this website more often? ... whoops. Well, we haven't been twiddling our thumbs. After wrapping up a long round of testing in May, over the summer an amazing group of interns and budding scientists took a deep dive into TolTEC - first doing noise testing and new kinds of noise characterizations, and then completely disassembling the full system and crating it up for shipping. This was a HUGE process and we ended up with 17 crates of hardware.

We are working on the (hopefully) last bits of the administrative parts of the shipment. Once that's done, UPS will come and pick the instrument up and off to Mexico it goes. A team from UMass, Northwestern, and ASU will follow soon after it arrives (modulo delays caused by the pandemic) and we'll get to work on the installation. These are exciting times!

May 5, 2021 Well this is embarassing. We have been so hard at work on TolTEC during the past year and a half that we haven't been updating the 'news' portion of our website regularly. We're going to try to change that ... starting now with a few big announcements.

First, if you've been keeping up with the TolTEC progress, you might have been aware that we were suffering from an optics issue that was inducing a bad mis-focus of two of our arrays. Well no more. This past weekend we made our first measurements of the corrected optical system in the lab at UMass and it's looking great. Here are a set of in-lab beam maps showing the three arrays in their glory.

Second, keep a safe distance from all UPS freight trucks for the next few days. Our first shipment of TolTEC parts has just left UMass for Mexico. This shipment contains infrastructure pieces for our optics, the main cryostat, and our compressor coolers. Getting the crates out the door and on the truck is a major milestone for the project and the shipment will serve as a pathfinder for shipping the rest of the system.

And finally, I'm very pleased to announce that we are in the process of making a lot of our software that we've developed for the camera publicly available for the first time. We've generated a lot of specialized tools for working with KID detectors. Zhiyuan Ma and Kamal Souccar, who lead this effort, have developed a software suite that other experiements can benefit from. Head on over to our GitHub site to check it out.

December 17, 2019 - The integration and testing has been fast an furious over the fall and time flies. I'll be posting a more significant update in the next few days, but in the meantime, here is a nice image of the TolTEC optics bench during our testing in early December. The 2mm array is in the center of the image near the bottom and the 1.1mm array is in the upper right. Both look through thier respective optics and then through a small hole in the blackend structure in the lower right (the lyot stop). This is aligned with the TolTEC window (not shown). During testing we send known optical signals in through this peep hole and monitor the detectors' responses. Missing from this picture is the 1.4mm detector array ... more on that in my next post.

September 20, 2019 - Well, that summer went by fast. As far as TolTEC goes it's been intense, fun, and full of new milestones. Rather than spell out all our adventures, here is a quick update that just went out on our email list (check out the Get Involved page if you haven't signed up yet).

Here's a quick note about the status of TolTEC and what our plans are in the upcoming few months.  We are now starting a big sprint towards shipping TolTEC to the LMT in December with a plan to get installed on the telescope and commissioning well underway in January of 2020. We've just had a big summer of intensive testing of the system with several new milestones. Here are some highlights:

  • 1.1mm Array – The1.1mm array, with its 4012 detectors, is installed and has had first-light in the lab.  Wemeasured the system passband, detector noise properties, the detectorresponsivities, and made a crude beam map of the array to verify the physicalextent of the beams as they exit the cryostat window.  Overall the system looks great and we seebackground-limited noise in most detectors. We have improvements to make in our readout electronics that should dropthe system noise even further and so we are very pleased with the initialcharacterization of the system.
  • 1.4 and 2.0mm Arrays - NIST plans to deliver the fully assembled 2.0mm array (1202 detectors) toUMass at the end of September and we plan to do our cryogenic blackbody testingin early October.  The current plan hasthe 1.4mm array shipping to UMass in November and we expect the final cooldownin the UMass lab to take place at the end of the month.
  • Shipping to the LMT – If all goes well with the testing of the new arrays in October and November,we plan to ship TolTEC to the LMT in December. This will allow us to start the installation and commissioning in earlyJanuary.
  • Commissioning Planning – Our Science Team is in theprocess of defining commissioning targets and workflows for the first-lightobservations.  Commissioning observationswill typically be less than 1 hour in duration, but we expect to do thesesporadically at first so that we can take time to understand the data at lowaltitude.  We hope to have mapping speedsquantified by the end of January or early February.
  • Science – Allfour of our initial public legacy surveys have been defined and we will startobserving each survey immediately following commissioning activities. Exact footprints of the legacy survey fieldswill be posted to the TolTEC website in the next few months.
  • I hope everyone is enjoying the start of fall and looking forward to new TolTEC data in 2020.

    June 4, 2019 - The team is gearing up for our first cooldown of the full 1.1mm KID array of 4012 detectors inside TolTEC at UMass. The array has been previously tested at NIST and this will be the first run in the actual camera. To get there we need lots of parts to come together this week. Below is Justin Mathewson at ASU putting the finishing touches on custom-made stainless steel coax that will carry the detector signals. Underneath are coaxial cables ready to be packaged up and shipped to UMass. Overall ASU has put together approximately 122 different hand-made cables.

    May 16, 2019 - Okay, I admit that I've been horrible about updating this webpage, but that's only because we've been so busy putting TolTEC together in the last 5 months. Some of the milestones we have celebrated include:

  • Success with getting the cryostat cold many times. It's a huge system with many cryogenic interconnects that all have to work at the same time, so this is no small feat. Fortunately, the cooldowns have gone very smoothly and our Oxford Instruments dilution fridge is a real pleasure to have in the system. We've achieved 117mK at the arrays and expect to do even better after we improve our 0.1K thermal links. One challenge of the system is that it takes 4 days to get cold once we throw the switch. At least that leaves us a little time for software writing and analysis of the last cooldown.
  • We have cooled our 1.1mm array of kinetic inductance detectors (KIDs) and measured resonances. These tests showed that we've got good control of the readouts and that our system seems to be a nice environment for the KIDs. Our testing and subsequent software writing has resulted in some novel approaches to working with the KIDs that we think will have lasting impact on the project.
  • Production of the 2mm detector array and its feedhorns, while stalled for a long time due to the government shutdown, is ongoing. The long lead-time feedhorns are done and we'll be fabbing the 2mm array in June.
  • Our computing group has made good progress in modernizing the analysis software and have achieved factors of 2-3 speedup over our older code.
  • Don't forget to follow us on Facebook where our public outreach team does a much better job of posting regular updates and interesting tidbits about the project.

    May 11, 2019 - Congratulations to several graduates from the TolTEC team! Reid Contente, Miranda Eiben, and Amy Ralston all received their B.S. degrees from UMass today. Reid will continue with the TolTEC project here at UMass while Miranda will move on to Harvard for graduate school in Astronomy and Amy will go to U.C. Irvine for Physics. Congrats to all three!

    We have milestones at ASU as well. Dr. Sam Gordon defended his thesis on KID readout electronics and Adrian Sinclair passed his graduate qualification exams.

    December 23, 2018 - After a massive push in the past few weeks we've just started the first full cryogenic cooldown of the entire TolTEC cryo system. Some photos of the assembly of the cryostat are now posted on the Photo Gallery page.

    October 25-26, 2018 - To cap off a very busy week for the team, we held a workshop for the definition of the Extragalactic Legacy Survey Projects at UMass. We had 83 scientists come together to discuss potential survey fields, strategies, and complementary data sets. It was a very rich event and the excitement over the new capability of the camera was palpable. After the working group goes over the field selections one more time we will post the results on this website.

    Many thanks to everyone who participated!

    October 24, 2018 - The TolTEC Project hosted Rich Barvainis and Peter Kurczynski at UMass for an NSF Site Visit Review today. Overall the visit went very well. The highlight was a series of talks by 10 of the junior team members from UMass and ASU. They did a terrific job and represented the project well above all expectations.

    October 23, 2018 - We've just had our 3rd Team-wide face-to-face meeting for the techncal team. Progress on all fronts looks great and we did not identify any issues that should keep us from getting to the LMT in 2019. Overall, about 30 team members joined in person or remotely at the beautiful fall UMass campus to review the status of the project and make plans for the coming year.

    September 26, 2018 - Reid Contente, an undergraduate researcher at UMass and musician has put together a new song inspired by his work in the lab. According to Reid: This is a hip-hop influenced track made from audio recordings of the sounds we hear in the CDL lab every day. The sounds of compressors, turbo pumps, and pressure release valves were recorded on my LG V30 smartphone over the course of two days. In this time we had finished preparing the Oxford dilution refrigerator for its first cool down; first by pulling a vacuum on the outer vacuum chamber and all the lines, then charging the system with the helium mixture, finally running the helium compressors and pumps. I recorded the audio from equipment that make percussive sounds in order to use the samples in essentially one big drum kit. With my piano keyboard and MPC sample pads I was able to freestyle a beat, starting with the loudest and biggest sound recordings and adding the other samples that worked with the groove. Finally with a few choice audio effects and some mixing and balancing we have this track made entirely from the sounds of our science.

    September 5, 2018 - here are some new pictures of the gold plated feedhorns for the 1.1mm array and a closeup of the corresponding feedhorn array.

    August 8, 2018 - NIST has completed the full fabrication of our 1.1mm array of detectors. Check out our Photo Gallery for a few pictures of the new array. Jason Austermann is preparing to test these detectors now.

    July 23, 2018 - We've just hit a major milestone in the project. Our new Oxford Instruments dilution fridge, which was installed in the lab at UMass during the past 2 weeks, hit its base temperature over the weekend. Our acceptance tests are ongoing but preliminary results show that we'll have at least 450uW of cooling power at 100mK. Our thermal model predicts that we will need less than 150uW of cooling power to cool the TolTEC detector arrays to their operating temperature so we should have plenty of extra capacity with this system to tackle unexpected heat loads. Pictures will be posted to the gallary page soon!

    July 20, 2018 - Here's a new photo of the 1.1mm array's feedhorn assembly from NIST prior to gold plating. This is a stack of more than 50 silicon wafers that are each individually cut in order to generate the proper feedhorn profile. The resultant "corrugations" provide good symmetry in the acceptance of the two polarizations. Overall NIST was able to pack 2003 feedhorns onto the structure - that's 4006 detectors if we put one behind every horn so we may get to up our detector counts as we push forward.

    June 20, 2018 - The registration page for the TolTEC Extragalactic Workshop to be held on October 25-26, 2018 has just gone live. We're looking forward to a beautiful fall meeting that comes on the heels of an open CANDELS meeting. We hope to see everyone there to help choose the best fields and depths for the two extragalactic legacy surveys. Come for the fall colors, stay for the dusty galaxies!

    June 20, 2018 - Where have the last 5 months gone? Well, no news is pretty much good news here. So much has been happening as we integrate the TolTEC cryogenics at UMass, build detector arrays and feedhorns at NIST, put the finishing touches on optics and detector readouts at ASU, and finalize detailed designs of the half wave plate rotator at Northwestern. Here are some highlights:

    • Check out the Galery page of this website for some recent pictures of folks at the UMass lab at work.
    • We've hired a TolTEC postdoc at UMass! His name is Dr. Zhiyuan Ma. Zhiyuan is a recent graduate of the University of Missouri where he worked on the optical counterpart identification of sources found in Herschel surveys. We're real happy to have Zhiyuan as part of the team.
    • TolTEC had a good presence at the recent SPIE meeting in Austin, Texas. Talks were given by Jason Austermann, Sean Bryan, and Grant Wilson. Be on the lookout for the corresponding papers on Astro-ph.

    January 27, 2018 - Happy New Year everyone. There's been so much going on that I haven't had time to keep the news reports flowing. Here's a quick update:

    • The TolTEC cryostat is being built by Atlas Technologies. We are now expecting delivery at UMass sometime in February!
    • Our TolTEC dilution fridge, being built by Oxford Instruments, is coming along and is now promised for delivery to UMass in early May.
    • We have a new postdoc ad out at the AAS register. Due date for applications if Feb. 10, 2018
    • And finally, check out the "Meet a TolTEC" entries on our TolTEC Facebook page. We've currently got a few UMass people posted but we should be adding team members from other instituions soon.

    October 24, 2017 - We've just had our 2nd Team-wide face-to-face meeting for the instrument team. Overall more than 30 scientists joined in person or remotely at ASU to review the status of the project and make plans for the coming year.

    August 31, 2017 - The TolTEC Science Team has ratified the rules by which astronomers may have access to TolTEC data prior to the public data release. See: TolTEC Data Access and Science Exploitation Policies

    May 30, 2017 - TolTEC Project Scientist Itziar Aretxaga of INAOE was just awarded a "Fronteras de la Ciencia" grant by CONACYT in Mexico for her proposal "Deep panoramic surveys of the sky at 1.1/1.4/2.1mm with the new polarimetric camera TolTEC". Congratulations Itziar and Co-Is!

    March 7, 2017 - NIST has produced its first round of prototype detectors for TolTEC's 1.1mm array.

    NIST has produced our first array of 1.1mm MKID detector geometries. These prototype detectors test various feature geometries as we refine the parameters that will yield the best array of 1.1mm detectors. Each circular feature with a cross inside is actually two detectors - one for each polarization of the incoming light. The feature with only a half circle is a test of the detector's sensitivity to the other polarization detector's presence.

    Here is a closeup of a single pair of MKID detectors. The detection of the incoming light takes place in the horizontal and vertical bars that span the circular structure. Most of the rest of what you see is capacitance that enables the readout of the signal. This device was produced by our colleagues at NIST.

    February 2, 2017 - Word came today that NVIDIA has generously donated a Titan X Pascal GPU to the UMass TolTEC group to support the development of the TolTEC analysis pipeline. We are currently investigating the benefits of moving the analysis pipeline from a CPU-based approach to a GPU-based approach. This donation will allow some of our students to get to work on a much more powerful GPU than we currently have in the lab. Many thanks to the NVIDIA GPU Grant Program.

    February 1, 2017 - TolTEC is going to be big! The UMass undergraduate team working on TolTEC built a model of the footprint of the instrument and then got inside. It's a little intimidating that we all fit with lots of room to spare.

    January 12, 2017 - The first major piece of TolTEC equipment has arrived at UMass - our PT415 Cryomech pulse tube cooler. We're looking forward to getting this installed in a new small Precision Cryogenics vacuum can that arrive in a few months.

    December 15, 2016 - Come visit with some of the TolTEC team at the AAS meeting in Grapevine, Texas. We are having a session for people to hear about results from LMT early science and a discussion about the TolTEC surveys. Here's a flyer for the event.

    December 1, 2016 - We have posted our add for a postdoc to work on TolTEC to the AAS job registry. Please let interested candidates know. This is a great opportunity to work on a fast-paced and exciting project.

    October 19, 2016 - Check out the three versions of the TolTEC Project press releases: UMass, ASU, INAOE/Mexico (in Spanish!)

    October 16, 2016 - We have finally downselected our logo from a bunch of great submissions. Thanks to Sean and Sam for the winning entry that includes both a nod to TolTEC culture as well as a radio telescope.

    September 28, 2016 - GW - We have just completed our project-wide, two-day technical Kickoff meeting. The meeting was held at INAOE in Mexico at the LMT Project office. Most subsystems have passed PDR and the technical team is now off to the races in detailed subsystem designs. We also have had our science team kickoff meeting with over 40 people in attendance. Everyone is encouraged to sign up for our email news letters on the Get Involved section of this website.

    Several members of the technical team working on TolTEC

    September 9, 2016 - GW - It is finally official, TolTEC has been funded by the NSF.

    October 16, 2015 - GW - We've got a project public website.